Despite their small size, the Cannabis family has had a huge impact on human history. From the various uses of cannabis and hemp to the importance of hops in beer brewing to the food obtained from hackberry trees, these diverse plants have long benefited humanity.
In scientific taxonomy, we have: 8 levels of classification within the hierarchy. These taxonomic classifications, from lowest to highest, are species, genus, family, order, class, phylum, kingdom, and domain.seeds etc. cannabis sativaare grouped into genera. cannabis In the case of marijuana, they are further integrated into related plant or animal families. We understand that confusion can arise when species and genera have the same name. So if you see something written in capital letters, you know it’s a genus name.
The Cannabis family, also commonly known as the Hempaceae, is a relatively small family of flowering plants that includes approximately 170 species in 11 genera. Cannabis and Cannabis are the namesakes of the family, but the largest genus within that family is Cannabis. Celtis, contains about 100 species. hop(Humulus) is another notable genus in the Cannabis family, well known to IPA beer lovers. Humans have a very long history of using cannabis. Over 2,500 yearsusing a common hop (Hermanus lupulus) as a bittering agent and preservative in beer hundreds of years.
The Cannabis family is physically diverse, including actual trees (Celtis), figurative tree (cannabis), and vines (Humulus). Although the plants look quite different, one characteristic that all members of the hemp family have somewhat in common is that they are often dioecious, meaning they have both male and female plants. Also, plants in the Cannaceae family tend to have petalless flowers that are pollinated by wind rather than bees or other insects.
Hops: The craft beer loving cousin with the cannabis beard.
If you are a fan of Lagunitas Brewery, it will come as no surprise that there are great articles online discussing Lagunitas Brewery. genetic connection Between cannabis and hops. To summarize, cannabis and hops are very closely related. How close? We are not as close as brother and sister, but we are like cousins. Lagunitas explains its history and unequivocally proves that cannabis first arose long before hops, which is consistent with the known history of human use (we consider cannabis to be more common than hops). has been used for nearly 2,000 years). Although hops contain no cannabinoids, they share many terpenes with cannabis, particularly myrcene and humulene. Beyond just terpenes, another connection between cannabis and hops is esters.the study showed “Fruity aroma esters play an important role in hop and beer aroma and have been characterized as the main aroma compounds in various hop varieties.”
A genetic link between cannabis and hops has long been suspected, but was confirmed about 10 years ago. Of all the plants in the Cannabis family, hops and cannabis are the most similar. Beyond the basics, such as how to share pollination; I have both “Resin glands that contain active compounds. Hop plants are known for their lupulin glands, and cannabis plants are known for their trichomes.” Considering these similarities, it’s no surprise that recipes such as there is no. cannabis beer online.
Hop latent viroids: the biggest threat to cannabis
Medicinal Genomics (MG), a world leader in medicinal plant genomics; Note Hop latent viroid (HLVd, also commonly referred to as HpLV and HpLVd) occurs in hop plants around the world, but has recently started to infect cannabis plants as well. According to MG, “HLVd is a single-stranded, circular, infectious RNA. Like viruses, viroid replication is completely dependent on the metabolism of the host plant. However, unlike viruses, viroids have It doesn’t have a protective layer, like a protein coat.”
Kevin McKernan is CSO and Founder of MG and recently completed his own research on HLVd, attempting to intentionally infect different breeds with HLVd.in their study, McKernan found that the Jamaican Lion variety appears to have some degree of tolerance, being able to keep the viroids confined to its roots and is otherwise asymptomatic. At this time, it is unclear whether this resistance was only present in the particular Jamaican lion plants studied, or if it is common to all Jamaican lion plants. This study gives us hope that there may be more varieties with some degree of resistance or resistance to HLVd, or at least that resistance can be bred into other varieties. An interesting variable found to be associated with this resistance to HLVd is increased anthocyanin production, providing potential clues as to where the resistance came from.
Dark Heart Industries (DHI) is a leading California cannabis nursery and genetics company. DHI conducted his HLVd testing for more than 100 of his producers across California from August 2018 to July 2021. findings Shocking the industry, it reported that “more than 33% of tests conducted at nearly 90% of cultivation sites were positive for HLVd.” [which supports projections] Hop latent viroids affect over 30% of all cannabis plants. ”
DHI estimates the annual economic loss from HLVd to be approximately $4 billion in 2021. “This is an important step in the development of plant pathology,” said Dr. Bryce Faulk, professor emeritus in the Department of Plant Pathology at the University of California, Davis. called HLVd “It’s probably the biggest threat to the legal cannabis industry.” HpLVd’s big risk isn’t to consumers. This is not a viroid that is transmitted to people who consume the buds. It is a viroid that attacks the plant itself and inhibits its growth. This is a process known as “dudding”. ” MG Jamaica His research on lions has the potential to eventually solve Dudding’s economic woes.
Celtis: real tree of the Cannaceae family
Despite the fact that many growers claim to grow trees and there are reports that some cannabis plants are well over 10 feet tall, and some even over 20, the truth is The Cannabis family tree is the only tree belonging to the Cannabis genus. Celtis (hackberry tree), some can grow up to 90 feet tall.as Celtis It is the most widespread genus in the Cannabis family, some sources This is called enoki, not a member of the hemp family, but that is incorrect. Celtis It is a recent addition to the already established Cannabis family (previously A member of the Elm family).
all seeds Celtis The leaves are unique. Enoki (Celtis occidentalis) may first turn yellow in autumn, usually in late September. Many species of enoki produce small black drupes, which give the fruit the name enoki. These berries were used as food by Native American tribes and are still used today as food for dozens of species of birds and mammals. One thing that makes hackberry really unique among the Cannabis family is that cannabis A plant native to North America, The hackberry tree, which is a bit contradictory because the hackberry tree evolved from cannabis and hops. At this time, there is no indication that HLVd can infect any species. Celtis.
The diverse Cannabis family clearly proves that just because two plants are closely related, they may not look or behave exactly alike.