Cannabeginners: Delta-8, Delta-9, Is All THC Created Equal?

Cannabeginners: Delta-8, Delta-9, Is All THC Created Equal?

Delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol (also seen as delta-8, Δ)8-THC) is a psychoactive and intoxicating cannabinoid similar to delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (the commonly found THC that we are all familiar with). Delta-8’s popularity has skyrocketed due to a loophole in federal regulations that limits THC content in hemp products to 0.3%, but Delta-8 has no restrictions.

Delta-8 history

Roger Adams and his research team at the University of Illinois be the first to report Partial synthesis of Delta 8 was carried out in 1941. It was in his 1966 year that Dr. Raphael Mechoulam and his colleague Dr. Yekiel Gaoni achieved total synthesis of delta-8 as part of their groundbreaking research at Hebrew University. In 2002, Dr. Mechoulam patent This paper on the conversion of CBD to delta-8 and THC by various methods was received by him in 2008 and expired in 2022. Delta-8 is an isomer of THC, so they have similar chemical structures, the only difference being position. A double bond between two carbons. These are both psychoactive chemicals that produce an intoxicating euphoric feeling.

One year before Dr. Mechoulam’s patent expired, American Association of Poison Control Centers “We introduced a product code specific to Delta-8 THC into the National Toxicology Data System to enable monitoring of adverse events for Delta-8 THC.” That means officially that 2020 marks the beginning of the Delta-8 boom in America. It means the year it started.

Is Delta-8 natural or synthetic?

The answer to this question is complex and depends on how you define synthetic cannabinoids.National Institute on Drug Abuse To tell “Synthetic cannabinoids are man-made mind-altering chemicals that are similar to the chemicals found in the marijuana plant.” For cannabinoids to be synthetic, Had made by humans resemble Affects chemicals found in plants. This is not the case with the Delta 8. resemble Cannabinoids are found naturally in very small amounts in plants. Although most of the delta-8 on the market is made in labs rather than plants, cannabinoids are still made by plants. converted by humans.

F.D.A. guidance is a little more complicated. They state that delta-8 is “naturally produced by the cannabis plant,” but that “concentrated amounts of delta-8 THC are typically manufactured from hemp-derived cannabidiol (CBD).” It’s clear. The word “manufactured” is just another way of saying something is “made,” so it’s ambiguous whether the FDA considers Delta-8 to be synthetic, and perhaps based on where it was sourced (whether it’s a factory or not). It will be decided by the research institute. .

How is most of the Delta-8 produced?

Because only trace amounts of delta-8 are present in hemp and cannabis plants, the proportion of delta-8 on the market is an immeasurably high proportion, and is produced in the laboratory using the chemical transformation discovered by Dr. Mechoulam. Manufactured.

Publication Chemical Engineering News (CEN) The process is described as “refluxing CBD in an organic solvent such as toluene or heptane with p-toluenesulfonic acid or another acid that acts as a catalyst.” In a controlled, regulated environment, these reactions are performed by chemists with Ph.D.s to ensure that no harmful byproducts remain in the products sold to consumers, but the hemp industry is Lab testing is not required, as testing is notoriously inadequate. Experts who spoke to CEN said the conversion process is “quite aggressive”, using “strong acids” and the use of strong bases, metal catalysts and many other methods to neutralize these conditions. pointed out that it is necessary to use methods.

Although it is possible to purify converted delta-8 from unwanted contaminants, reaction residues, and other byproducts, most people who perform those conversions are not chemists and do not properly process delta-8. We don’t distill it or use proper testing methods.

Is Delta-8 dangerous?

a literature review A paper published last year found that “no comprehensive review articles focusing solely on Δ have been published.”8-THC,” meaning their research focused on delta-8 for the first time. Rather than finding delta-8 to be more harmful than THC, they found that “Δ8-THC is [a] Less effective than Δ9-THC. ”

Jeffrey Raver is the co-founder and CEO of Werc Shop, a California-based cannabis contract manufacturing and testing company. Realized the potential of Delta-8 A few years ago. “This is a very interesting molecule, one that exhibits very different bioactivities depending on its surroundings,” Lover said, adding that testing and purity issues with delta-8 should be addressed while allowing its safe use. We are asking regulatory authorities.

F.D.A. received There were 104 reports of adverse events in people who used Delta-8 products from December 1, 2020 to February 28, 2022. None of the events were fatal, and the events included “hallucinations, vomiting, tremors, anxiety, dizziness, confusion, and a sense of loss.” of consciousness. ” Poison control centers across the United States received 2,362 cases of Delta-8 exposure from January 1, 2021 (the date Delta-8 was first coded) to February 28, 2022; One case was a pediatric case that resulted in death.

What is not clear is whether these negative experiences and one death were caused by Delta 8 itself or by impurities prevalent in Delta 8 products. Due to the lack of regulation, much of the delta-8 on the market is contaminated with trace amounts of other cannabinoids (possibly THC, or another isomer, delta-10-THC) and byproducts of chemical conversion.

Kyle Boyer is a research scientist at the Center for Medical Cannabis Research. report Olivetol, the chemical precursor to THC, is a common byproduct in Delta-8 products, he said, adding, “I don’t think anyone really knows what is a safe amount of olivetol to inhale.” Because a variety of solvents are used for conversion from CBD, a variety of residual solvents may be present in Delta-8 products, including those for which standardized testing methods have not been developed, such as dichloromethane and trichloroacetic acid. There is also.

What’s causing the Delta 8 craze?

2020 was the year of the Delta 8 boom, but what are the “whys” behind the Delta 8 boom? Some sauce Note that the Delta 8 craze started after CBD prices plummeted and hemp companies needed new ways to make profits. So was the need to maintain profitability behind the Delta 8 boom?

While that certainly played a role, the real cause of the Delta 8 boom, like the CBD boom before it, was cannabis prohibition. Without cannabis prohibition, anyone using less safe hemp products would be able to use legal, lab-tested cannabis products. As long as whole-plant cannabis containing more than a certain amount of THC remains illegal, people around the world will look for ways to circumvent the restrictions and create legal loopholes. Delta 8 is by itself a new loophole to circumvent the ban.

The post Cannabeginners: Delta-8, Delta-9, and Are All THC Created Equal? ​​appeared first on High Times.

David B.
David B. stands out as an exceptional cannabis writer, skillfully navigating the intricate world of cannabis culture and industry. His insightful and well-researched articles provide a nuanced perspective on various aspects, from the therapeutic benefits to the evolving legal landscape. David's writing reflects a deep understanding of the plant's history, its diverse strains, and the ever-changing dynamics within the cannabis community. What sets him apart is his ability to break down complex topics into digestible pieces, making the information accessible to both seasoned enthusiasts and newcomers alike. With a keen eye for detail and a passion for the subject, David B. emerges as a reliable and engaging voice in the realm of cannabis literature.

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